In written music the dynamics are shown by letters which stand for Italian words for the dynamic levels. They are listed in the table below. Notice that is pronounced in the Italian way
|ABBREVIATION||ITALIAN WORD||ENGLISH MEANING|
Dynamic levels are not something that can be measured exactly. Exactly how loud mp should be depends on several things: what is happening in the music, the instrument, the size of the room in which the music is being played etc. The important thing is that dynamic levels should be correct in relation to one another.